Niccolò Machiavelli


Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527): The Prince  in Sutra

 New  Sates are obtained by an army

  • Your own or other
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Chapter I

States:  Principalities.

Principalty is Hereditary or New (Ch 1).

A virtuous Prince is loved by all

Even when defeated in war

Allied to family, friends and countrymen

Again he’ll gain his sovereignty


Hereditary states are easiest to govern (Ch 2).

There the same tradition binds them all

Prince simply governs

Adapting only for need or change


Hereditary states are easier to retain (Ch 3)

For that which is “new” is

More easily rejected if

Improvement is not found


Where rebels rise and re-rise

Harsh punishment prevents Revolt

But if Prince deals too harshly

The principality gained may be lost.


Control is easier gained if people are

Of same custom and language

There Prince just destroys the former family

And maintain the laws and taxes.


When old ways are undisturbed

People remain more peaceful.

New States that differ in

language and culture are Harder to maintain


There Military occupation alone is

met with hostility

But if Prince resides and

Establishes colonies  therein

Control, favour and allegiance is

more efficiently gained

Rebels and invaders

Fear him more


Threat then comes only from

The poor and displaced


Pamper or crush is

The general rule

Injure or hurt only those who

will not revenge or threaten

The prince must remain master

Of the state he conquered


So dominate  neighbouring states,

Weaken the strong

While ensuring them of your

protection from foreign  invaders.


For a weaker power will side

with the stronger.

Solve problems before they arise .


Act early, lest it is too late.

If postponed it give the enemy advantage

But to hold a state,

Both state-craft and war-craft are needed

People want to be praised, not condemned.


Rulers who cost the state should be condemned.

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