Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527): The Prince in Sutra
New Sates are obtained by an army
Principalty is Hereditary or New (Ch 1).
A virtuous Prince is loved by all
Even when defeated in war
Allied to family, friends and countrymen
Again he’ll gain his sovereignty
Hereditary states are easiest to govern (Ch 2).
There the same tradition binds them all
Prince simply governs
Adapting only for need or change
Hereditary states are easier to retain (Ch 3)
For that which is “new” is
More easily rejected if
Improvement is not found
Where rebels rise and re-rise
Harsh punishment prevents Revolt
But if Prince deals too harshly
The principality gained may be lost.
Control is easier gained if people are
Of same custom and language
There Prince just destroys the former family
And maintain the laws and taxes.
When old ways are undisturbed
People remain more peaceful.
New States that differ in
language and culture are Harder to maintain
There Military occupation alone is
met with hostility
But if Prince resides and
Establishes colonies therein
Control, favour and allegiance is
more efficiently gained
Rebels and invaders
Fear him more
Threat then comes only from
The poor and displaced
Pamper or crush is
The general rule
Injure or hurt only those who
will not revenge or threaten
The prince must remain master
Of the state he conquered
So dominate neighbouring states,
Weaken the strong
While ensuring them of your
protection from foreign invaders.
For a weaker power will side
with the stronger.
Solve problems before they arise .
Act early, lest it is too late.
If postponed it give the enemy advantage
But to hold a state,
Both state-craft and war-craft are needed
People want to be praised, not condemned.
Rulers who cost the state should be condemned.