Definition of Synthesis

Synthesis
 A synthesis is the combination of different elements to form a connected whole. In Hegelian terms the combing is the synthesis and that synthesis make a new whole (or thesis). It develops out of conflict between the thesis (a thing) and the antithesis (the opposing thing). In this view both the thing and the opposing thing are right things.
 .
synthisis strip
 .
Hegel identified phenomenology as his philosophical venue in which traced “a path from our everyday common sense states of mind to the vantage point of ‘systematic science’” (Murphy 1996). As part of this, Hegel applied his theory of dialectical thinking. This is a structure composed of Thesis, Antithesis and Synthesis. It suggests that in the course of living, tension between (i) accepted ideology and/or meaning of same (thesis) and (ii) that which conflicts with accepted ideology/meaning (antithesis) occurs. Eventually a compromise is formed bringing about a synthesis. This synthesis becomes the new thesis (this is the dialectic in action). 
 .
strip dialect
 .
For Hegel, historical progress is dialectical. Put differently, history is driven by conflict and while all things give us meaning for a while, eventually a conflict between human experience and the main meaning arises; again a compromise is made and new meaning is formed, and life goes on and on like that. Our experiences in life are a synthesis of a previous synthesis and of the previous synthesis etc, etc. A resource site of Hegel’s body of knowledge is here http://www.gwfhegel.org/ 
 .
hegelcccvc
 .
The synthesis and the new thesis “acquired its fullest and richest exposition in the system of Marxist philosophy, in dialectical materialism, which does not stand aside from the main channel of development of human philosophical thought, but synthesises all its greatest achievements. Dialectical materialism is the creative development of the worldwide history of philosophical thought on the basis of generalization of social practice, science, art and culture as a whole. It is the study of the universal connections and laws of the motion and development of natural, social, and spiritual reality, of the forms and methods of cognising the world, of man and his existence in the world. This philosophy aims at evolving an integral system of views of the world and man’s place in it, of the relationship between consciousness and matter, the spiritual and the material. It investigates man’s cognitive and value-defining, moral, aesthetic and religious, and also socio political relationship to the events of natural and social life. Moreover, it is oriented on the highest principles of humanism” (Dialect Materialism at: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/spirkin/works/dialectical-materialism/ch01.html.
 .
marx strip
 .
In Jean-Paul Sartre’s Freudian psychology this Hegelian dialectic approach is evident in his view that consciousness is of the continued struggle to become being.  An Overview of Jungian Analytic Psychology is here http://www.synthesistherapy.com/jungian-analytical-psychology.php
 .
jung strip

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

css.php